Default Router Passwords and IP Addresses

John   April 1, 2016   Comments Off on Default Router Passwords and IP Addresses

What precisely is a default password?

A default password is usually made available when a computer or other device requires a username/password for logging in, which permits access to the computer for the duration of its first being set up (or, on the other hand, subsequent to being reset to the factory default mode).

The producers of this kind of equipment usually employ a very simple password, as for example password or admin, as they expect that the users will alter the password throughout the configuration. The instruction manual is where the default username/password can typically be found or on the computer or device itself.

One of the greatest factors of a home router being compromised is a default password. Namely, it is a great security risk to make a password on a computer accessible to the public.

However, there are certain devices (and a good example is a wireless router) which are made with an exclusive default password which is stamped upon a sticker, and this is without doubt a less risky option in comparison with a widely used default password.

And what exactly is the meaning of an Internet Protocol address?

The acronym IP stands for Internet Protocol (which signifies the protocol or method of sending data from one device to another), while an Internet Protocol address denotes a select categorization number that is assigned to every computer and device that needs to be linked to the Internet.

What is the usual format of an IP address?

The format which an Internet Protocol address uses is a purported ‘dotted decimal number’ which is usually not very hard to commit to memory. The format contains 4 numbers in the range of zero to 255, separated by full stops or dots. In addition, a computer can have either a static IP address or a permanent one, or an address which is allocated dynamically.

What would be the objective of these addresses?

IP addresses allow each and every device or computer (even a printer) which uses the Internet to be sited on it. In this way, sites are able to trace users’ locations and set up the pages they are interested by using their IP addresses. In addition, by way of this address, the exact address can be traced, in the case that the user’s Internet Service Provider makes a request for the log records.

What is the total number of the classes of these addresses?

Five is the total number of classes of IP addresses, not including those under the name of special addresses (namely, Broadcast, Default, and Loopback, and other addresses as well). These are the classes: Class A – this class is used for large networks (ranging from 1 to 126). Class B – this class is for those networks which are of a medium size (all IP addresses which have 128 to 191 in their first octet). Class C – this class is for networks which are considered to be of a small as well as of a medium size (all the addresses with 192 to 223 in their first octet). Class D – this class is for multicasts, which have a one 1st to 3rd bit value, as well as a zero 4th bit value). Class E – this is class which is used only for trial purposes, and is alike to class D.

How is the IP address of a router found?

There is not one way to find the IP address of a router, but two ways. Also, it is relevant to point out that the router’s default IP address can be found in 2 locations: first, within the user manual, and second, stamped on a sticker that is most usually attached beneath the router.

What are the steps in locating the IP address of the router?

1. First, access Command. In the Windows 7 computer operating system, what needs to be done by the user is to push the button marked Start that can be found on the desktop’s left bottom section. Then CMD needs to be typed into the field that displays Search programs and files. When the Enter button is pressed, the prompt Command will be opened.

2. Second, the user needs to use the command of IPCONFIG. He must type into the Command window IPCONFIG, after C:\Users\Admin>. But, it is vital to mention that the name of the user’s computer will replace Admin. Also, all the network settings will appear in this command. However, the section which is important for us is the one which is denoted as Default Gateway, the reason for this being that the numerals next to this are the Internet Protocol address for this specific router. It is best to jot down this address, along with all the added details pertaining to the router (such as the username and the password).

What are the problems which these particular addresses can have?

It can occur, with some luck, that the used networks or devices have no malfunctioning problems, which means that the addresses require no special attention. Nevertheless, problems can occur, especially when the devices are undergoing a setup or being linked to a computer.